Animal Cruelty and Neglect Exposed

 

animal abuse article

animal abuse. High school football players beat duck to death. September 9, | pm. A group of New Hampshire high school football players was captured in a sick video beating a duck with a. Sep 07,  · News about animal abuse, rights and welfare. Commentary and archival information about cruelty to animals from The New York Times. CSI: Animal Abuse. A Cummings student comes up with forensic tools that help distinguish between accidental and deliberate injuries “Often an animal is a much more effective way for an abuser to control the people in their household than threatening them directly,” says Nida Intarapanich, who received the national Merial Veterinary Scholar.


Animal Cruelty » PAWS


Cruelty to animalsalso called animal abuseanimal neglect or animal crueltyis the infliction by omission animal neglect or by commission by humans of suffering or harm upon any non-human. More narrowly, it can be the causing of harm or suffering for specific achievement, such as killing animals for foodfor their fur or even their tusks ; opinions differ about the extent of cruelty associated with a given method of slaughter.

Cruelty to animals sometimes encompasses inflicting harm or suffering as an end in itself, defined as zoosadism. With approximately 65 billion animals killed annually for food, farm animals are the most numerous animals subjected to cruelty, animal abuse article.

Divergent approaches to laws concerning animal cruelty occur in different jurisdictions throughout the world. For example, some laws govern methods of killing animals for food, clothing, or other products, and other laws concern the keeping of animals for entertainment, education, research, or pets.

There are a number of conceptual approaches to the issue of cruelty to animals, animal abuse article. For example, animal abuse article, the animal welfare position holds that there is nothing inherently wrong with using animals for human purposes, such as food, clothing, animal abuse article, entertainment, fun and research, but that it should be done in a way that minimizes unnecessary pain and suffering, sometimes referred to as "humane" treatment.

Utilitarian advocates argue from the position of costs and benefits and vary in their conclusions as to the allowable treatment of animals. Some utilitarians argue for a weaker approach which is closer to the animal welfare position, whereas others argue for a position that is similar to animal rights.

Animal rights theorists criticize these positions, arguing that the words "unnecessary" and "humane" are subject to widely differing interpretations, and that animals have basic rights. They say that the only way to ensure protection for animals is to end their status as property and to ensure that they are never used as a substance or as a non-living thing.

Throughout history, humans believed in a God-given right to treat nonhuman animals with cruelty; however, some individuals, like Leonardo da Vinci for example, who once purchased caged birds in order to set them free, animal abuse article, [2] [3] were concerned.

His notebooks also record his anger with the fact that humans used their dominance to raise animals for slaughter. However, close analysis shows that many human features such as complex sign usage, tool use, and self-consciousness can be found in some animals, animal abuse article. Charles Darwinby presenting the theory of evolutionrevolutionized the way that humans viewed their relationship with other species. Darwin believed that not only did human beings have a direct kinship with other animals, but the latter had social, mental and moral lives too.

Later, in The Descent of Manhe wrote: "There is no fundamental difference between man and the higher mammals in their mental faculties. Some philosophers and intellectuals, such as Peter Singer and Tom Reganhave argued that animals' ability to feel pain as humans do makes their well-being worthy of equal consideration. Jeremy Benthamthe founder of utilitarianismfamously wrote in his An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation : [9].

These arguments have prompted some to animal abuse article that animals' well-being should enter a social welfare function directly, not just indirectly via its effect only on human well-being. Animal cruelty can be broken down into two main categories: active and passive. Passive cruelty is typified by cases of neglect, in which the cruelty is a lack of action rather than the action itself, animal abuse article.

Oftentimes passive animal cruelty is accidental, born of ignorance. In many cases of neglect in which an investigator believes that the cruelty occurred out of ignorance, the investigator may attempt to educate the pet owner, then revisit the situation. In more severe cases, exigent circumstances may require that the animal be removed for veterinary care.

Farm animals are generally produced in large, industrial facilities that house thousands of animals at high densities; these are sometimes called factory farms. The industrial nature of these facilities means that many routine procedures or animal husbandry practices impinge on the welfare of the animals and could arguably be considered as "cruelty", with Henry Stephen Salt claiming in that "it is impossible to transport and slaughter vast numbers of large and highly-sensitive animals in a really humane manner".

For example, because male chickens do not lay eggs, newly hatched males are culled using macerators or grinders. The American Veterinary Medical Association accepts maceration subject to certain conditions, but recommends alternative methods of culling as more humane.

Matheny and Leahy attribute osteoporosis in hens to this caging method. Broiler chickens under six weeks old suffer painful crippling due to fast growth rates, whilst one in a hundred of these very young birds dies of heart failure.

To reduce aggression in overcrowded conditions, shortly after birth piglets are castrated, their tails are animal abuse article, and their teeth clipped. Animal cruelty such as soringwhich is illegal, sometimes occurs on farms and ranches, as does lawful but cruel treatment such as livestock branding. Since Ag-gag laws prohibit video or photographic documentation of farm activities, these practices have been documented by secret photography taken by whistleblowers or undercover operatives from such organizations as Mercy for Animals and the Humane Society of the United States posing as employees.

Agricultural organizations such as the American Farm Bureau Federation have successfully advocated for laws that tightly restrict secret photography or concealing information from farm employers. The following are lists of invasive procedures which cause pain, routinely performed on farm animals, and housing conditions that routinely cause animal welfare concerns. It is arguable whether these practices constitute cruelty to animals. There are studies providing evidence of a link between animal cruelty and violence towards humans.

Conviction statistics are thought by some to show people convicted for animal cruelty to be more likely to be violent to humans, animal abuse article, leading experts to believe that decreasing animal abuse will, in turn, decrease domestic violence. Another criticism of these studies is the definition of cruelty as animal abuse article disapproved behavior". Piers Biernefor instance, animal abuse article, has criticized existing studies for ignoring socially accepted practices such as animal slaughter and vivisection that might be linked to violence against humans.

Intentional acts of cruelty can lead to multiple years behind bars. Battered women report that they are prevented from leaving their abusers because they fear what will happen to the animals in their absence. Animal abuse is sometimes used as a form of animal abuse article in domestic disputes. A history of animal abuse article pets and small animals, animal abuse article, a behavior known as zoosadismis considered one of the signs of certain psychopathologiesincluding antisocial personality disorderalso known as psychopathic personality disorder.

According to The New York Times"[t]he FBI has found that a history of cruelty to animals is one of the traits that regularly appears in its computer records of serial rapists and murderersand the standard diagnostic and treatment manual animal abuse article psychiatric and emotional disorders lists cruelty to animals a diagnostic criterion for conduct disorders.

Ressler, an agent with the Federal Bureau of Investigation's behavioral sciences unit, studied serial killers and noted,"Murderers like this Jeffrey Dahmer very often start out by killing and torturing animals as kids. Cruelty to animals is one of the three components of the Macdonald triadbehavior considered to be one of the signs of violent antisocial behavior in children and adolescents.

According to the studies used to form this model, cruelty to animals is a common but not universal behavior in animal abuse article and adolescents who grow up to become serial killers and other violent criminals. It has also been found that children who are cruel to animals have often witnessed or been victims of abuse themselves. Many times, when Asiatic elephants are captured in Thailandhandlers use a technique known as the training crushin which "handlers use sleep-deprivation, hunger, and thirst to 'break' the elephants' spirit and make them submissive to their owners"; moreover, handlers drive nails into the elephants' ears and feet.

The practice of cruelty to animals for divination purposes is found in ancient cultures, and some modern religions such as Santeria continue to do animal sacrifices for healing and other rituals. Taghairm was performed by ancient Scots to summon devils. Animal cruelty has long been an issue with the art form of filmmakingwith even some big-budget Hollywood films receiving criticism for allegedly harmful—and sometimes lethal—treatment of animals during production.

Court decisions have addressed films that harm animal such as videos that in part depict dogfighting. The American Humane Association AHA has been associated with monitoring American filmmaking since after the release of the film Jesse Jamesin which a horse was pushed off a plank and drowned in a body of water after having fallen 40 feet into it. Provisions in the code discouraged "apparent cruelty to children and animals", and because the Hays Office had the power to enforce this clause, the American Humane Association AHA often had access to sets to assess adherence to it.

However, because the American Humane Association's Hollywood office depended on the Hays Office for the right to monitor sets, animal abuse article closure of the Hays Office in corresponded with an increase in animal cruelty on movie sets. Bya three-year contract was in place between the Screen Actors Guild SAG and the American Federation of Television and Radio Artists which specified that the American Humane Association should be "consulted in the use of animals 'when appropriate'", but the contract did not provide a structure for what "appropriate" meant, and had no enforcement powers.

This contract expired in One of the most infamous examples of animal cruelty in film was Michael Cimino 's flop Heaven's Gatein which numerous animals were brutalized and animal abuse article killed during production. Cimino allegedly killed chickens and bled horses from the neck to gather samples of their blood to smear on actors for Heaven's Gateand also allegedly had a horse blown up with dynamite animal abuse article shooting a battle sequence, the shot of which made it into the film.

This film played a large part in renewed scrutiny of animal cruelty in films, and led to renewed official on-set jurisdiction to monitor the treatment of animals by the AHA in After the release of the film Redsthe star and director of the picture, Warren Beatty apologized for his Spanish film crew's use of tripwires on horses while filming a battle scene, animal abuse article, when Beatty wasn't present.

An ox was sliced nearly in half during production of Apocalypse Nowwhile a donkey was bled to death for dramatic effect for the Danish film Manderlayin a scene later cut from the film. Seven animals were killed for the camera in the controversial Italian film Cannibal Holocaust Cannibal Holocaust was only one film in animal abuse article collective of similarly themed movies cannibal films that featured unstaged animal cruelty.

Their influences were rooted in the films of Mondo filmmakerswhich sometimes contained similar content. In several countries, such as the UK, Cannibal Holocaust was only allowed for release with most of the animal cruelty edited out.

More recently, the video sharing site YouTube has been criticized for hosting thousands of videos of real life animal cruelty, especially the feeding of one animal to another for the purposes of entertainment and spectacle. Although some of these videos have been flagged as inappropriate by users, YouTube has generally declined to remove them, unlike videos which include copyright infringement. Films monitored by the American Humane Association may bear one of their end-credit messages.

Simulations of animal cruelty exist on televisionanimal abuse article, too. The use of animals in the circus has been controversial since animal welfare groups have documented instances of animal cruelty during the training of performing animals. Numerous instances of animal abuse in circuses have been documented such as confining enclosures, lack of regular veterinary care, animal abuse article, abusive training methods and lack of oversight by regulating bodies.

Some circuses now present animal-free acts. Bullfighting is criticized by animal rights or animal welfare activists, referring to it as a cruel or barbaric blood sport in which the bull suffers severe stress and a slow, torturous death. In Spanish, opposition to bullfighting is referred to as antitaurismo. The Bulletpoint Bullfight warns that bullfighting is "not for the squeamish", advising spectators to "be prepared for blood", animal abuse article.

It details prolonged and profuse bleeding caused animal abuse article horse-mounted lancers, the charging by the bull of a blindfolded, armored horse who is "sometimes doped up, and unaware of the proximity of the bull", the placing of barbed darts animal abuse article banderilleros, followed by the matador's fatal sword thrust. It stresses that these procedures are a normal part of bullfighting and that death is rarely instantaneous.

It further warns those attending bullfights to "be prepared to witness various failed attempts at killing the animal before it lies down. During this festival, balls of pitch are attached to a bull's horns and set on fire. The bull is then released into the streets and can do nothing but run around in pain, often smashing into walls in an attempt to douse the fire.

These fiery balls can burn for hours, animal abuse article, and they burn the bull's horns, body, animal abuse article, and eyes — all while spectators cheer and run around the victim, animal abuse article. Rattlesnake round-upsalso known as rattlesnake rodeosare annual events common in the rural Midwest and Southern United Statesanimal abuse article, where the primary animal abuse article are captured wild rattlesnakes which are sold, displayed, killed for food or animal products such as snakeskin or released back into the wild.

The largest rattlesnake round-up in animal abuse article United States is animal abuse article in Sweetwater, Texas. Military animals are animal abuse article that have been employed by humankind for use in warfare. They are a specific application of working animals. Examples include horsesdogs and dolphins. Only recently has the involvement of animals in war been questioned, and practices such as using animals for fighting, as living bombs as animal abuse article the use of exploding donkeys or for military testing purposes such as during the Bikini atomic experiments may animal abuse article be criticised for being cruel.

Princess Anne, the Princess Royal, the patron of the British Animals in War Memorial, stated that animals adapt to what humans want them to do, but that they will not do things that they don't want to, despite training.

In a video of US Marine David Motari throwing a puppy over a cliff during the Iraq conflict was popularised as an internet phenomenon and attracted widespread criticism of the soldier's actions for being an act of cruelty. Under all three of the conceptual approaches to animal cruelty discussed above, performing unnecessary experiments or demonstrations upon animals that cause them substantial pain or distress may be viewed as cruelty.

Due to changes in ethical standards, this type of cruelty tends to be animal abuse article common today than it used to be in the past, animal abuse article. For example, schoolroom demonstrations of oxygen depletion routinely suffocated birds by placing them under a glass cover, [88] and animals were animal abuse article in the Cave of Dogs [89] [90] [91] to demonstrate the density and toxicity of carbon dioxide to curious travellers on the Grand Tour. Many apartment complexes and rental homes institute no pet policies.

No pet policies are a leading cause of animal abandonment, which is considered a crime in many jurisdictions.

 

Animal Abuse, Rights and Welfare - The New York Times

 

animal abuse article

 

CSI: Animal Abuse. A Cummings student comes up with forensic tools that help distinguish between accidental and deliberate injuries “Often an animal is a much more effective way for an abuser to control the people in their household than threatening them directly,” says Nida Intarapanich, who received the national Merial Veterinary Scholar. animal abuse. High school football players beat duck to death. September 9, | pm. A group of New Hampshire high school football players was captured in a sick video beating a duck with a. Cruelty to animals, also called animal abuse, animal neglect or animal cruelty, is the infliction by omission (animal neglect) or by commission by humans of suffering or harm upon any non-human.